American Gut Project: Largest microbiome study reveals the importance of microbiome diversity in human health

The gut microbiome has emerged as a critical regulator of human physiology and health. New studies have shown how changes in microbiome composition and diversity are associated with the development of metabolic diseases.

Now, the largest microbiome study,-American Gut Project- which collected microbiome probiotics data from over 10,000 people from all over the world published some very insightful information. The microbiome and metabolomics data from these participants were correlated to their lifestyle, diet and general health. The three primary read outs from this observational studies were:

  1. Participants who ate a diversified plant types per week (≥30) displayed a significantly greater bacterial diversity than those who ate a limited variety (≤10). Further, bacterial diversity was present whether they were a meat-eater or a vegan, as long as they consumed a diversified plant types.
  2. As expected consumption of antibiotics resulted in a less diverse bacterial population. Participants who ate diversified plant varieties had less antibiotic-resistant genes than those who consumed fewer types of plant foods
  3. People with neurological health conditions, including depression, schizophrenia, PTSD or bipolar, had similar gut bacteria signature.

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The results underscores the fact that a diversified diet with a variety of fruits, vegetables, and plant proteins ‘is a must for a balanced gut microbiome’ and for overall health and wellbeing.

American Gut Project study is an ongoing study and in future we can expect lot of valuable information on role of diet, lifestyle or medications on microbiome, and thereby on human health.

A good gut flora diversifying probiotic–prebiotic supplement can also go a long way in assisting your commensal flora. Biom Probiotics use TriBIOM technology delivers second-generation, functional supplements with three clinically proven components that act synergistically to shape and modulate your gut microbiome with an Immunobiotics probiotics and prebiotic combination.